Kurt A. Adler

Kurt A. Adler, a psychiatrist who spent a career seeking to put into practice the novel approach to psychotherapy of his father, Alfred Adler, the Viennese psychiatrist, and to extend its reach, died on in May 1997 at Lenox Hill Hospital. He was 92 and lived in Manhattan.

Dr. Adler was medical director and lecturer at the Alfred Adler Institute in Manhattan for 45 years and practiced at Lenox Hill Hospital. For 39 years, he was president of the board of the Advanced Institute for Analytic Psychotherapy in Jamaica, Queens.

Dr. Adler's hundreds of patients in Manhattan included a number of women who are distinguished writers, family members said.

A theme in his father's work was that women must have equal rights with men. His father argued that aggression in men might result if the individual did not sufficiently grasp the concept of equality of the sexes.


Alexandra Adler

Alexandra Adler (1901-2001)*

by Hendrika Vande Kemp, Annandale VA

Alexandra Adler was born in Vienna, Austria on September 24, 1901, the second of four children born to Alfred Adler–the founder of individual psychology–and his Russian wife, Raissa Timofeyevna Epstein, who was a daughter of a Jewish merchant. Alexandra’s brother Kurt was born in 1905 and her sister Cornelia in 1909.

Alexandra was baptized on October 17, 1904 with her father and her older sister Valentine (b. 1898) in the Protestant Church of the Dorotheergasse, although it is unclear what Alfred’s “conversion” really meant: one biographer claims Alfred rejected Judaism because it was a religion for only one ethnic group and he wanted to “share a common deity with the universal faith of man” (Bottome, 1939, p. 65). However, Kurt Adler insisted in 1995 that “we are all atheists,” and Alexandra’s niece Margot also described her aunt as an atheist.1


Ernst Papananek

Ernst Papananek (pseudonym: Ernst Pek) was born in Vienna in 1900. He studied medicine, psychology and education at the University of Vienna.

From 1919 he has been active in the Verband der Sozialistischen Arbeiterjugend Deutschösterreichs (SAJDÖ) and in 1934 he became Austria's representative in the executive committee of the Socialist Youth International (SYI).

From 1932 to 1934 he was also member of the City Council of Vienna.

In 1934 Papanek fled to Czechoslovakia, from where he supported the illegal Austrian Revolutionäre Sozialistische Jugend (RSJ).


Danica Deutsch

Danica Deutsch, nee Bruckner (born August 16 1890 in Sarajevo , Bosnia Herzegovina , then Austria-Hungary , died December 24th 1976 in New York, USA ) was an Austrian-American psychologist , educator and representative of the Individual Psychology .

1909 Danica made a German as a language teacher training in Vienna, which they with a summer course in French and psychology at the University of Geneva completed.  She was a teacher for a short time in Sarajevo, learned but before the First World War, the circle of Alfred Adler know and attended the sessions at his house.  In 1912 she married Dr. Leonhard Deutsch, a music teacher and individual psychologists, with whom she had two daughters.