Substantial Equivalence for Psychoanalytic Study
To be considered substantially equivalent, your course of study must have been taken at an acceptable
psychoanalytic institute or degree granting college and must have included coursework substantially equivalent to
coursework required in a master's or higher degree program in a health or mental health field of study. The study
must have included at least 1,350 clock hours of study distributed as follows:
* coursework - at least 405 clock hours of classroom instruction including at least 45 clock hours in each of the
1. personality development;
2. psychoanalytic theory of psychopathology;
3. psychoanalytic theory of psychodiagnosis;
4. sociocultural influence on growth and psychopathology;
5. practice technique (including dreams and symbolic processes);
6. analysis of resistance, transference, and countertransference;
7. case seminars on clinical practice;
8. practice in psychopathology and psychodiagnosis; and
9. professional ethics and psychoanalytic research methodology;
* personal psychoanalysis - at least 300 clock hours of personal psychoanalysis;
* supervised analysis - at least 150 clock hours of supervised analysis of the student's psychoanalytic cases as
1. 50 clock hours of individual supervision with one supervisor working on one case; and
2. at least 100 clock hours of individual supervision with another supervisor working on one or more additional
* clinical experience - at least 300 clock hours of supervised clinical experience in the practice of psychoanalysis
(see Experience Requirements section for additional information regarding requirements for supervised clinical
Evidence of receipt of your graduate degree must be presented on Form 2A - Certification of Graduate Study and
evidence of receipt of your certificate of completion of psychoanalytic study must be presented on Form 2 -
Certification of Psychoanalytic Study. These forms must be submitted directly to the Office of the Professions by
the school or institute where you obtained your degree/certificate. In most cases, an official transcript is also
In addition to the education requirements, every applicant for psychoanalyst licensure or a limited permit must
complete coursework or training in the identification and reporting of child abuse in accordance with Section
6507(3)(a) of the Education Law. You must submit a certificate of completion from an approved provider or file a
certification of exemption ( PDF 17 KB) before a New York State license or permit can be issued. You may be
eligible for exemption from the training if you can document, to the satisfaction of the Department, that your
practice does not involve professional contact with persons under the age of 18 and that you do not have contact
with persons 18 or older with a handicapping condition, who reside in a residential care school or facility.
To meet the experience requirements for licensure as a psychoanalyst, you must submit sufficient documentation
of completion of a supervised experience of at least 1,500 clock hours providing psychoanalysis in a setting
acceptable to the Department. Supervised experience obtained in the education program required for licensure as
a psychoanalyst may meet all or part of this requirement.
To be acceptable to the Department, your supervised experience must meet the following supervision and setting
Supervision of Experience
Your supervisor must:
* have completed a bachelor's or higher degree program in psychoanalysis, or in the subject of the field in which
the supervisor is licensed (see below), or another field related to the field of psychoanalysis as determined by the
* be licensed and registered in New York State to practice psychoanalysis, medicine, as a physician assistant,
psychology, licensed clinical social work, or as a registered professional nurse or nurse practitioner, or must have
the equivalent qualifications as determined by the Department*; and
* have at least three years of full-time experience, or the part-time equivalent, in psychoanalysis. Practice on a
full-time basis means 800 clock hours in the practice of psychoanalysis earned over a 52-week period.
*Prior to January 1, 2008, applicants may also submit experience supervised by a psychoanalyst certified or
registered by a national certifying or registering body for psychoanalysts acceptable to the Department to meet this
There must be contact between you and your supervisor during which:
* you apprise your supervisor of the treatment of each client;
* your cases are discussed with your supervisor in conformity with federal and state laws regarding the
confidentiality of patient-identifiable information;
* your supervisor must provide you with oversight and guidance in developing skills as a psychoanalyst, including
but not limited to, the analysis of resistance, transference, counter-transference, and unconscious processes in the
practice of psychoanalysis; and
* your supervisor must provide an average of one hour per week or two hours every other week of in-person
individual or group supervision. NOTE: Supervision may only be provided in formats other than in-person with the
approval of the Department based on good cause, including but not limited to, inability to locate a sufficient
number of qualified supervisors to perform in-person supervision and an acceptable plan to provide the
supervision through an alternative format.
All supervised experience must be verified by your supervisor(s) on Form 4B - Certification of Supervised
Experience. Acceptable verification should include an attestation by the actual supervisor. In cases where such
attestation is not available, the Department may accept other documentation of the experience.
Setting for Experience
The setting in which the experience is obtained must be a location at which legally authorized individuals provide
services that constitute the practice of psychoanalysis, as defined in Education Law, and must be responsible for
the services provided by individuals gaining experience for licensure. The setting cannot be a private practice
owned or operated by the applicant.
The practice of psychoanalysis is defined in Education Law as:
* the observation, description, evaluation, and interpretation of dynamic unconscious mental processes that
contribute to the formation of personality and behavior in order to identify and resolve unconscious psychic
problems which affect interpersonal relationships and emotional development, to facilitate changes in personality
and behavior through the use of verbal and nonverbal cognitive and emotional communication, and to develop
adaptive functioning; and
* the use of assessment instruments and mental health counseling and psychotherapy to identify, evaluate and
treat dysfunctions and disorders for purposes of providing appropriate psychoanalytic services.
NOTE: New York State candidates for the psychoanalyst licensing examinations must have completed their
psychoanalysis program and received the certificate of completion as a condition for admission to the examination.
Applicants for licensure will not be approved to take the examination prior to receipt of the certificate of completion.
To meet the examination requirements for licensure as a psychoanalyst in New York State, you must pass the New
York State Case Narrative Examination administered by CASTLE Worldwide, Inc.